Carotid stenting using heparin-coated balloon-expandable stent reduces intimal hyperplasia in a baboon model

Peter H. Lin, Nicolas A. Chronos, Monique M. Marijianowski, Changyi Chen, Brian Conklin, Ruth L. Bush, Alan B. Lumsden, Stephen R. Hanson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose. This study evaluates the effect of heparin-coated balloon-expandable stents on intimal hyperplasia following carotid artery stenting in a baboon model. Materials and methods. Balloon-expandable (Palmaz-Schatz) stents were placed in bilateral common carotid arteries in 26 male baboons (mean weight: 11.3 kg). In each animal, a heparin-coated (HC) carotid stent was placed on one side, whereas the contralateral carotid artery received an uncoated stent that served as a control. The carotid stents were harvested at 30 days (n = 13) and 90 days (n = 13). Arteriography was performed to assess the carotid patency, and intravascular ultrasound was used to determine neointimal and luminal areas. Histological, morphometric analysis, and scanning electron microscopy were performed in the stented carotid arteries. Results. One animal was excluded in each of the 1-month and 3-month groups because of premature death. Ten control (83%) and 11 HC stents (92%) remained patent in the 30-day group. In contrast, 10 control (83%) and 10 HC stents (83%) remained patent in the 90-day group. Morphometric analysis of the 30-day group showed the HC-stented carotid arteries had larger luminal areas (13%, P < 0.05), less neointimal areas (38%, P < 0.05), less neointimal/media ratios (53%, P < 0.05), and equivalent medial areas (NS) when compared with the control group. Morphometric analysis of the 90-day data showed the HC-stented carotid arteries had less neointimal areas (38%, P < 0.05) and less neointimal/media ratios (48%, P < 0.05), whereas the luminal areas and medial areas remained equivalent (NS) when compared with the control group. Conclusions. Carotid stenting using heparin-coated stents reduces early intimal hyperplasia in a baboon model. This approach may represent a useful strategy for improving luminal patency in endovascular carotid intervention.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)84-90
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Surgical Research
Volume112
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2003

Keywords

  • Balloon-expandable stents
  • Drug-eluting stent
  • Heparin
  • Intimal hyperplasia
  • Primates

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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