Background: Multiple myeloma (MM) is an incurable hematologic malignancy, and outcomes remain poor for patients with triple-class relapsed/refractory MM (RRMM). Descriptive analyses were performed on available data for patient characteristics, disease course, and outcomes of the KCd on triple-class RRMM patients at our institution. Patients and Methods: Twenty-three patients with triple-class RRMM treated with KCd between June 2017 and October 2020 were included in our analysis. The regimen KCd consisted of 28 days cycles of carfilzomib 20/36 mg/m2 IV on days 1, 2, 8, 9, 15, and 16, cyclophosphamide 300 mg/m2 IV weekly, and dexamethasone (20-40) mg orally weekly. Results: Patients received a median of 6 (3-10) prior regimens. The median number of cycles administered was 4 (1-11) cycles. Overall response rate was 52%, 6 patients (26%) achieved very good partial response (VGPR), 6 patients (26%) achieved partial response (PR), and 5 patients (22%) achieved stable disease (SD). Progression-free survival (PFS) and Overall-survival (OS) were 4 and 11.9 months, respectively. There was no reported treatment-related mortality. The most common grade ≥3 adverse events were neutropenia (26%), thrombocytopenia (56.5%), and anemia (56.5%). Conclusions: KCd showed clinically meaningful efficacy and manageable safety profile in patients with triple-class RRMM in real-world.
- multiple myeloma
- triple-class refractory myeloma
ASJC Scopus subject areas