Cardiotoxicity of anticancer therapies

Raghunandan Muppidi, Laura Spranklin, William Scialla, Nauman Islam, Ronald Freudenberger, Robert Malacoff

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Cardiovascular diseases and cancer continue to remain major causes of mortality and morbidity. However, overall cancer death rates have declined 20% from their peak in 1991. These declines reflect changing patterns in smoking, prevention, earlier diagnosis, and better treatment options in chemotherapy. It is recognized that this improved survival with better cancer therapies has put patients at risk for cardiovascular disease later in life; this may be secondary to risk factors for developing cardiovascular disease or the effect of anticancer therapies. Earlier detection, identifying patients at risk of developing cardiotoxicity, and early institution of treatment are paramount to decreasing morbidity associated with cardiotoxicity. Adverse cardiac effects have been observed and reported with a wide variety of chemotherapeutic agents. Herein we review cardiac effects of some of the common agents used in oncology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)225-234
Number of pages10
JournalReviews in Cardiovascular Medicine
Volume16
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015

Keywords

  • Anticancer therapy
  • Cardiomyopathy
  • Cardiotoxicity
  • Coronary artery disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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