Cardiomyocyte PDGFR-β signaling is an essential component of the mouse cardiac response to load-induced stress

Vishnu Chintalgattu, Di Ai, Robert R. Langley, Jianhu Zhang, James A. Bankson, Tiffany L. Shih, Anilkumar K. Reddy, Kevin R. Coombes, Iyad N. Daher, Shibani Pati, Shalin S. Patel, Jennifer S. Pocius, George Taffet, L. Maximillian Buja, Mark L. Entman, Aarif Y. Khakoo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

123 Scopus citations

Abstract

PDGFR is an important target for novel anticancer therapeutics because it is overexpressed in a wide variety of malignancies. Recently, however, several anticancer drugs that inhibit PDGFR signaling have been associated with clinical heart failure. Understanding this effect of PDGFR inhibitors has been difficult because the role of PDGFR signaling in the heart remains largely unexplored. As described herein, we have found that PDGFR-β expression and activation increase dramatically in the hearts of mice exposed to load-induced cardiac stress. In mice in which Pdgfrb was knocked out in the heart in development or in adulthood, exposure to loadinduced stress resulted in cardiac dysfunction and heart failure. Mechanistically, we showed that cardiomyocyte PDGFR-β signaling plays a vital role in stress-induced cardiac angiogenesis. Specifically, we demonstrated that cardiomyocyte PDGFR-β was an essential upstream regulator of the stress-induced paracrine angiogenic capacity (the angiogenic potential) of cardiomyocytes. These results demonstrate that cardiomyocyte PDGFR-β is a regulator of the compensatory cardiac response to pressure overload-induced stress. Furthermore, our findings may provide insights into the mechanism of cardiotoxicity due to anticancer PDGFR inhibitors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)472-484
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Clinical Investigation
Volume120
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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