Carcinogenicity of benzo[a]pyrene and manufactured gas plant residues in infant mice

Lewis V. Rodriguez, Harold A. Dunsford, Michael Steinberg, Kathy K. Chaloupka, Lunjian Zhu, Stephen Safe, James E. Womack, Lawrence S. Goldstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Scopus citations


The present study determined tumorigenicity, tumor classification and DNA damage induced in infant mice by benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P) or Manufactured Gas Plant (MGP) residues after a single exposure. Male and female B6C3F1 mice were exposed to B[a]P or MGP residue from a single environmental site (MGP-4) and males were also exposed to MGP residue composite from seven different sites (MGP-M7). At 26, 39 and 52 weeks after exposure tumorigenesis was assessed in lung, forestomach and liver. Formation and persistence of DNA adducts were quantified by 32P-postlabeling. Exposure of males to B[a]P induced liver tumors in a dose and time dependent manner. MGP induced more advanced tumors than B[a]P. Only a single liver tumor was found in MGP-4 treated females. No forestomach and few pulmonary adenomas were induced in males or females. MGP-4, MGP-M7 or B[a]P induced DNA adducts in males and females. Adducts in liver, lung and forestomach peaked on different days and decreased at different rates. At 24 h post-exposure, no significant differences in initial DNA adduct levels occurred in males and females exposed to MGP-4 or B[a]P. Lack of DNA damage (adducted DNA) did not account for non-responsiveness of lung and forestomach in B6C3F1 genders as well as in liver in females. MGP tumorigenicity could not be accounted for solely by B[a]P content nor did it reflect additivity of B[a]P and other carcinogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in MGP. Synergy among MGP-PAHs, presence of unidentified carcinogens and/or promoters in MGP may account for MGP potency. The B6C3F1 infant male model is a convenient and rapid assay for assessing MGP liver tumorigenicity and potency.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)127-135
Number of pages9
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research


Dive into the research topics of 'Carcinogenicity of benzo[a]pyrene and manufactured gas plant residues in infant mice'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this