To investigate the effect of exercise training on calcium movements by isolated cardiac sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR), mongrel dogs either remained sedentary (S) or were exercise-trained (E) via running for a period of 8-10 wk. The trained state was confirmed by the increase in skeletal muscle citrate synthase activity and decreases in submaximal exercise heart rates in the E group but not in the S dogs. The properties of isolated cardiac SR were identical between the groups. The variables tested included ATP-dependent calcium transport and calcium-stimulated ATPase activity. Importantly, there was no difference in spontaneous calcium release which occurred after peak ATP-dependent calcium accumulation was reached. Calcium release from passively loaded vesicles induced by calcium and ionophore also did not differ in the SR isolated from the E dogs. The change in the affinity of the SR CaATPase for calcium after the addition of the polyanion, heparin, was similar in both groups, indicating that the regulation of calcium-stimulated ATPase activity by the SR protein, phospholamban, is not modified by exercise training. We conclude that exercise training of 8-10 wk duration does not alter the calcium handling properties of cardiac SR isolated from mongrel dogs.
- CALCIUM RELEASE
- CALCIUM TRANSPORT
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
- Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine