Cancer treatment-induced NAD+ depletion in premature senescence and late cardiovascular complications

Priyanka Banerjee, Elizabeth A Olmsted-Davis, Anita Deswal, Minh Th Nguyen, Efstratios Koutroumpakis, Nicholas L Palaskas, Steven H Lin, Sivareddy Kotla, Cielito Reyes-Gibby, Sai-Ching J Yeung, Syed Wamique Yusuf, Momoko Yoshimoto, Michihiro Kobayashi, Bing Yu, Keri Schadler, Joerg Herrmann, John P Cooke, Abhishek Jain, Eduardo Chini, Nhat-Tu LeJun-Ichi Abe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Numerous studies have revealed the critical role of premature senescence induced by various cancer treatment modalities in the pathogenesis of aging-related diseases. Senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP) can be induced by telomere dysfunction. Telomeric DNA damage response induced by some cancer treatments can persist for months, possibly accounting for long-term sequelae of cancer treatments. Telomeric DNA damage-induced mitochondrial dysfunction and increased reactive oxygen species production are hallmarks of premature senescence. Recently, we reported that the nucleus-mitochondria positive feedback loop formed by p90 ribosomal S6 kinase (p90RSK) and phosphorylation of S496 on ERK5 (a unique member of the mitogen-activated protein kinase family that is not only a kinase but also a transcriptional co-activator) were vital signaling events that played crucial roles in linking mitochondrial dysfunction, nuclear telomere dysfunction, persistent SASP induction, and atherosclerosis. In this review, we will discuss the role of NAD+ depletion in instigating SASP and its downstream signaling and regulatory mechanisms that lead to the premature onset of atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases in cancer survivors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalThe journal of cardiovascular aging
StatePublished - Apr 29 2022


Dive into the research topics of 'Cancer treatment-induced NAD+ depletion in premature senescence and late cardiovascular complications'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this