Building an Adult Congenital Heart Program: Critical Components and Important Allies

Akanksha Thakkar, Stephanie Fuentes-Rojas, Eunice Karanja, Ebun Ebunlomo, Allison Millette, Christine H. Lee, Y. Serena Shen-Lin, Gary Monteiro, Thomas MacGillivray, C. Huie Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Purpose of the Review: The purpose of this review is to illustrate specific challenges and opportunities in the building of an adult congenital heart disease (ACHD) program and to highlight critical components and important allies. Recent Findings: With more than 1.4 million adults with congenital heart disease in the USA alone, access to specialized, compassionate, high-quality comprehensive care requires a shift toward more aggressive expansion of ACHD care, especially in the context of sparse ACHD provider representation in the vast majority of adult medical centers. Summary: The effective build of an ACHD program requires measured escalation in management of ACHD complexity matched with cultivation of key resources and clinical services ranging from congenital cardiac surgery and interventional cardiology to acquired heart disease as well as partnerships with non-cardiac specialists. By reframing ACHD care as a shared goal between patients, providers, hospitals, pharmaceutical and device industry, and payers, a potent business model can be built around the developing ACHD program to facilitate acquisition of these key resources.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number134
JournalCurrent Cardiology Reports
Issue number12
StatePublished - Oct 11 2018


  • ACHD
  • Adult congenital cardiac anesthesia
  • Adult congenital cardiac surgery
  • Adult congenital interventional cardiology
  • Business models
  • Transition medicine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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