Breed differences in deafferentation-induced neuronal cell death and shrinkage in chick cochlear nucleus

Joseph Edmonds, Larry A. Hoover, Dianne Durham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Removal of functional presynaptic input can result in a variety of changes in postsynaptic neurons in the central nervous system, including altered metabolism, changes in neuronal cell size, and even death of the postsynaptic cell. Age-dependent neuronal cell death and shrinkage has been documented in second order auditory neurons in the chick brainstem (nucleus magnocellularis, NM) following cochlea removal (Born and Rubel, 1985. J. Comp. Neurol. 231, 435-445). Here we examined whether the extent of neuronal cell death and shrinkage is also breed-dependent. We performed unilateral cochlea removal on both hatchling and adult birds of either a broiler breed (Arbor Acres Cross) or egg layer breed (Hy-Line, H and N) and killed birds one week later. Changes in neuronal cell number and cross sectional area were determined from Nissl-stained sections. We observed 25% neuronal cell loss and a 15-20% decrease in neuronal cross sectional area after cochlea removal in either broiler or egg layer hatchling birds. In adult birds, however, neuronal cell loss is breed-dependent. Adult egg layer birds lose an average of 37% of NM neurons after cochlea removal, while adult broiler birds show no cell loss. In both breeds of adult birds, cochlea removal results in a 20% decrease in neuronal cross sectional area. These results suggest that analysis of differences between breeds as well as ages of birds will prove fruitful in determining how afferent input controls neuronal survival and metabolism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)62-76
Number of pages15
JournalHearing Research
Volume127
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1999

Keywords

  • Auditory
  • Avian
  • Cochlea removal
  • Nucleus magnocellularis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sensory Systems

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