Breast surgery under local anesthesia. Second-stage implant exchange, nipple flap reconstruction, and breast augmentation

Dimitri J. Koumanis, Alex Colque, Michael L. Eisemann, Jenna Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Breast reconstruction can be performed safely with local anesthesia. Utilization of the star flap method in conjunction with tattooing successfully provides optimal aesthetic results without the need for an additional donor site. When tissue expander to silicon implant exchange is part of the operative plan, use of triple antibiotic irrigation as well as the Keller Funnel is recommended. Breast augmentation and breast augmentation-mastopexy can also be performed with good results under local anesthetic in a private operating room setting. All other operative conditions, including sterility and sound operative surgical techniques, should be the mainstay of any practice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)583-591
Number of pages9
JournalClinics in Plastic Surgery
Volume40
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2013

Keywords

  • Areola
  • Breast reconstruction
  • Implant exchange
  • Local anesthesia
  • Nipple
  • Nipple-areola complex (NAC)
  • Silicon breast implant
  • Star flap

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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