Brain processes and neurofeedback for performance enhancement of precision motor behavior

B. Hatfield, A. Haufler, Jose L. Contreras Vidal

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Based on a number of empirical investigations of cerebral cortical dynamics during precision aiming tasks (i.e. marksmanship) employing electroencephalography (EEG) refinement of cortical activity and attenuation of nonessential cortico-cortical communication with the motor planning regions of the brain results in superior performance. Employment of EEG neurofeedback during the aiming period of target shooting designed to reduce cortical activation resulted in improved performance in skilled marksmen. Such an effect implies that refinement of cortical activity is causally related to performance. Recently, we examined cerebral cortical dynamics during the stress of competitive target shooting and observed increased activation and cortico-cortical communication between non-motor and motor regions relative to a practice-alone condition. As predicted, this finding was associated with degradation of shooting performance. These findings imply that neurofeedback targeted to brain regions related to emotional responding may preserve the cortical dynamics associated with superior performance resulting in improved accuracy of precision aiming performance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationFoundations of Augmented Cognition
Subtitle of host publicationNeuroergonomics and Operational Neuroscience - 5th International Conference, FAC 2009, Held as Part of HCI International 2009, Proceedings
Pages810-817
Number of pages8
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2009
Event5th International Conference on Foundations of Augmented Cognition, FAC 2009, Held as Part of HCI International 2009 - San Diego, CA, United States
Duration: Jul 19 2009Jul 24 2009

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume5638 LNAI
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349

Other

Other5th International Conference on Foundations of Augmented Cognition, FAC 2009, Held as Part of HCI International 2009
CountryUnited States
CitySan Diego, CA
Period7/19/097/24/09

Keywords

  • Cognitive neuroscience
  • Electroencephalography (EEG)
  • Kinematics
  • Psychomotor performance
  • Stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Theoretical Computer Science

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