Brain CT and MRI: differential diagnosis of imaging findings

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

31 Scopus citations


Following a traditional approach, in Chapters 5 and 14–29 in the previous volume, diverse brain diseases are listed and their imaging findings described in detail. In this chapter the approach is from the imaging finding to the disease: for instance, what list of diseases can give rise to a contrast-enhancing mass in the cerebellopontine angle? Imaging findings that are reviewed in succession include the location of the lesion, its multiplicity and symmetry, its volume, ranging from atrophy to mass effect, its homogeneity, its density, measurable by computed tomography (CT), its appearance on T1, T2, and diffusion magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and, finally, its characteristics after the infusion of intravenous contrast. A differential diagnosis for each finding is provided. While the approach adopted in this chapter is unconventional, we hope that it will be most helpful to anyone reading images. Furthermore, it could serve as the basis to create or complete image databases to guide in the interpretation of brain CT and MRI.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationHandbook of Clinical Neurology
EditorsJoseph C. Masdeu, R. Gilberto González
PublisherElsevier B.V.
Number of pages18
ISBN (Print)978-0-444-53486-6
StatePublished - Dec 1 2016

Publication series

NameHandbook of Clinical Neurology
ISSN (Print)0072-9752
ISSN (Electronic)2212-4152


  • brain
  • computed tomography
  • magnetic resonance imaging
  • magnetic resonance spectroscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology


Dive into the research topics of 'Brain CT and MRI: differential diagnosis of imaging findings'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this