Brain biomarkers of motor adaptation using phase synchronization

Rodolphe J. Gentili, Trent J. Bradberry, Bradley D. Hatfield, Jose L. Contreras Vidal

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

A growing number of brain monitoring tools for medical and biomedical applications such as surgery have been developed. Although many assistive technologies (e.g., brain computer interface (BCI) systems) aiming to restore cognitive-motor deficits are under development, no functional neural indicator or brain biomarker able to track the cortical dynamics of the brain when interacting with new tools and/or novel environments in ecological situations are available. Therefore this study aimed to investigate potential biomarkers reflecting the dynamic cognitive-motor states of subjects who had to learn a new tool. These biomarkers were derived from phase synchronization measures of electroencephalographic (EEG) signals (coherence, phase locking value (PLV)). The findings indicate a linear decrease of phase synchronization for both movement planning and execution as subjects adapt during tool learning. These changes were correlated with enhanced kinematics as the task progressed. These non-invasive biomarkers may play a role in bioengineering applications and particularly in BCI systems, allowing the establishment of co-adaptation/ cooperation between the user's brain and the decoding algorithm to design adaptive neuroprostheses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 31st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Subtitle of host publicationEngineering the Future of Biomedicine, EMBC 2009
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages5930-5933
Number of pages4
ISBN (Print)9781424432967
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2009
Event31st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society: Engineering the Future of Biomedicine, EMBC 2009 - Minneapolis, MN, United States
Duration: Sep 2 2009Sep 6 2009

Conference

Conference31st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society: Engineering the Future of Biomedicine, EMBC 2009
CountryUnited States
CityMinneapolis, MN
Period9/2/099/6/09

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Developmental Biology
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Medicine(all)

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