Borderline changes in the Banff schema: Rejection or no rejection?

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8 Scopus citations


The relationship between acute renal allograft rejection and histopathologic biopsy alterations recognized by the Banff Schema as "borderline changes" is not clear. Some evidence supports the contention that about one third of patients with borderline infiltrates and clinical evidence of graft dysfunction do indeed have acute rejection, which, if left untreated, progresses to a histologically more advanced stage of rejection. Several investigators recognize that not all patients with mild tubulitis respond clinically to antirejection therapy; a significant number of these biopsy specimens display additional histological alterations. The most common concurrent lesions are chronic allograft nephropathy, arteriolar lesions consistent with calcineurin inhibitor toxicity, acute tubular necrosis, and obstructive nephropathy. Management of patients with borderline changes must tightly correlate the pathologic features and the clinical information.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)755-757
Number of pages3
JournalTransplantation Proceedings
Issue number3
StatePublished - Apr 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Transplantation


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