The bone microenvironment is dynamic and undergoes remodeling in normal and pathological conditions. Whether such remodeling impacts disseminated tumor cells and bone metastasis remains poorly understood. Here, we demonstrated that pathological fractures increase metastatic colonization around the injury. NG2+ cells are a common participant of bone metastasis initiation and bone remodeling in both homeostatic and fractured conditions. NG2+ bone mesenchymal stromal cells (BMSCs) often co-localize with DTCs in the perivascular niche. Both DTCs and NG2+ BMSCs are recruited to remodeling sites. Ablation of NG2+ lineage impaired bone remodeling and concurrently diminished metastatic colonization. In co-cultures, NG2+ BMSCs, especially when undergoing osteo-differentiation, enhanced cancer cell proliferation and migration. Knockout of N-cadherin in NG2+ cells abolished these effects in vitro, and phenocopied NG2+ lineage depletion in vivo. These findings uncover dual roles of NG2+ cells in metastasis and remodeling, and indicate that osteo-differentiation of BMSCs promotes metastasis initiation via N-cadherin-mediated cell-cell interaction.
|Original language||English (US)|
|State||E-pub ahead of print - Oct 26 2022|