Biophysical and neural basis of resting state functional connectivity: Evidence from non-human primates

Li Min Chen, Pai Feng Yang, Feng Wang, Arabinda Mishra, Zhaoyue Shi, Ruiqi Wu, Tung Lin Wu, George H. Wilson, Zhaohua Ding, John C. Gore

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations


Functional MRI (fMRI) has evolved from simple observations of regional changes in MRI signals caused by cortical activity induced by a task or stimulus, to task-free acquisitions of images in a resting state. Such resting state signals contain low frequency fluctuations which may be correlated between voxels, and strongly correlated regions are deemed to reflect functional connectivity within synchronized circuits. Resting state functional connectivity (rsFC) measures have been widely adopted by the neuroscience community, and are being used and interpreted as indicators of intrinsic neural circuits and their functional states in a broad range of applications, both basic and clinical. However, there has been relatively little work reported that validates whether inter-regional correlations in resting state fluctuations of fMRI (rsfMRI) signals actually measure functional connectivity between brain regions, or to establish how MRI data correlate with other metrics of functional connectivity. In this mini-review, we summarize recent studies of rsFC within mesoscopic scale cortical networks (100 μm–10 mm) within a well defined functional region of primary somatosensory cortex (S1), as well as spinal cord and brain white matter in non-human primates, in which we have measured spatial patterns of resting state correlations and validated their interpretation with electrophysiological signals and anatomic connections. Moreover, we emphasize that low frequency correlations are a general feature of neural systems, as evidenced by their presence in the spinal cord as well as white matter. These studies demonstrate the valuable role of high field MRI and invasive measurements in an animal model to inform the interpretation of human imaging studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)71-81
Number of pages11
JournalMagnetic Resonance Imaging
StatePublished - Jun 1 2017


  • Cortex
  • Monkey
  • Neuroimaging
  • Resting state
  • Spinal cord
  • White matter
  • fMRI

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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