Biological effect of intranasally instilled titanium dioxide nanoparticles on female mice

Jiangxue Wang, Yufeng Li, Wei Li, Chunying Chen, Bai Li, Yuliang Zhao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

The toxicological effect of TiO2 nanoparticles with different crystal structure (80 nm for rutile and 155 nm for anatase) on female mice was investigated through intranasal instillation. After exposure for 30 days at the dose of 50 mg/kg body weight, no abnormal activity and mortality were observed with the normally increasing body weight of mice. The coefficients of tissues to body weight also show no obvious difference from the control except the increased coefficient of kidneys in mice exposed to 80 nm TiO2 nanoparticles. Titanium contents and histopathology examination indicate the no pathological response in the lung was induced by the increased TiO2 deposition, and the liver, heart, and spleen were not influenced. The severe pathology changes in kidneys suggest that TiO2 nanoparticles may be excreted out by kidneys via system circulation. However, the serum biochemical parameters were not changed compared with the control, which means no obvious functional impairment induced by the nasal exposure for 30 days. In addition, the higher titanium contents in the brain tissues imply that the translocation and deposition of nanoparticles through intranasal instilling pathway is different from the other routes such as intratracheal inhalation or intratracheal instillation. The influence of deposited nanoparticles on central nervous system needs further investigation and is underway.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)279-285
Number of pages7
JournalNano
Volume3
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2008

Keywords

  • Biological effect
  • Deposition
  • ICP-MS
  • Nanoparticles
  • Nanotoxicology
  • TiO

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Materials Science(all)

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