Biofilm and Quorum sensing mediated pathogenicity in Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Kathirvel Brindhadevi, Felix LewisOscar, Eleftherios Mylonakis, Sabarathinam Shanmugam, Tikendra Nath Verma, Arivalagan Pugazhendhi

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

65 Scopus citations


The emergence of multidrug resistance has become an alarming and lifethreatening phenomenon for humans. Various mechanisms are involved in the development of resistance in bacteria towards antimicrobial compounds and immune system. Bacterial biofilm is a complicated, selfdefensive, rigid structure of bacteria crowded together to develop a selfrecessive nature, which enhances the ability to cause infections much easier in the living host. P. aeruginosa biofilm formation is supported by extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) such as exopolysaccharides, extracellular DNA (eDNA), proteins and biomolecules. Published evidences suggest that biofilm formation can also be the result of several other mechanisms such as cell signaling or communication. Bacterial biofilm is also regulated by strong intercellular communication known as Quorum Sensing (QS). It is a cellular communication mechanism involving autoinducers and regulators. In P. aeruginosa, Acyl Homoserine Lactone, the prime signaling molecule, controls approximately 300 genes responsible for various cellular functions, including its pathogenesis. The surrounding environment and metabolism have a specific effect on the biofilm and QS, thus, understanding the involvement of QS in the biofilm developing mechanism is still complicated and complex to understand. Therefore, this review will include basic knowledge of the biofilmforming mechanism and other regulatory factors involved in causing infections and diseases in the host organisms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)49-57
Number of pages9
JournalProcess Biochemistry
StatePublished - Sep 2020


  • Autoinducers
  • Biofilm
  • Extracellular polymeric substances
  • Pseudomonas aeruginosa
  • Quorum sensing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Biochemistry
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology


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