Bioactive natural and semisynthetic latrunculins

Khalid A. El Sayed, D. T A Youssef, Dario Marchetti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Scopus citations


Marine-derived macrolides latrunculins A and B, of the Red Sea sponge Negombata magnifica, are the first marine natural products that have been found to reversibly bind to actin monomers and to disrupt its organization. Latrunculins are structurally related to many antimicrobial and antiangiogenic macrolides. Several grams of latrunculin B (1), together with a new latrunculin named latrunculin T (2), were isolated from a recent collection of N. magnifica. Semisynthetic modifications of 1, including acetylation, acetalization, and N-hydroxymethylation, afforded four new (4, 5, 7, 8) and two known (6 and 9) semisynthetic analogues. Specifically, 15-O-methyllatrunculin B (6) showed a promising antiangiogenic activity in a chick chorioallantoic membrane assay and antimigratory activity in Boyden's chamber assay. Moreover, latrunculin B (1) and the new N-acetyllatrunculin B (4) displayed potent antimigratory activity in a wound-healing assay. Natural and Semisynthetic latrunculins showed potent antimicrobial activity against Candida albicans, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Staphylococcus aureus, and Bacillus cereus. Latrunculins are potential leads that can be developed as anticancer and antimicrobial agents.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)219-223
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Natural Products
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery
  • Complementary and alternative medicine
  • Organic Chemistry


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