Bilingual problem-solving training for caregivers of adults with dementia: A randomized, factorial-design protocol for the CaDeS trial

Shannon B. Juengst, Charlene Supnet, Chung Lin (Novelle) Kew, Valeria Silva, Marlene Vega, Gang Han, Brendan Kelley, Matthew Lee Smith, Gladys Maestre

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Objective: Caregivers of individuals with Alzheimer's disease and related dementias (ADRD) often experience debilitating caregiver burden and emotional distress. To address these negative emotional consequences of caregiving, we will test and refine a strategy training intervention – Problem-Solving Training (PST) – that promotes self-efficacy and reduces caregiver burden and depressive symptoms. Previous research supports efficacy of PST; however, we do not know exactly how many PST sessions are needed or if post-training “boosters” are required to maintain PST benefits. Additionally, we translated and culturally-adapted PST into “Descubriendo Soluciones Juntos” (DSJ), our novel intervention for Spanish-speaking caregivers. Method: In this 2 × 2 factorial design randomized controlled trial, we will test remotely-delivered PST/DSJ sessions for both English- and Spanish-speaking caregivers of persons with ADRD to determine the optimal number of PST/DSJ sessions and ongoing “booster” sessions needed to best help caregivers navigate their current and future needs. Aims: 1) Compare the efficacy of three vs. six PST/DSJ sessions each with and without booster sessions for decreasing caregiver burden and depression and enhancing caregiver problem-solving; 2) Identify key factors associated with efficacy of PST/DSJ, including age, gender, primary language, relationship to care recipient, and uptake of the PST/DSJ strategy. Results: These results will establish guidelines needed for an evidence-based, culturally-adapted, and implementable problem-solving intervention to reduce caregiver stress and burden and improve caregiver health and well-being. Conclusion: This work promotes inclusion of diverse and underserved populations and advances therapeutic behavioral interventions that improve the lives of caregivers of individuals with chronic conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number106506
JournalContemporary Clinical Trials
StatePublished - Sep 2021


  • Alzheimer's disease and related dementia
  • Caregiver
  • Dementia
  • Dementia care
  • Metacognitive strategies
  • Problem-solving
  • Psychosocial intervention
  • Spanish language

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology (medical)


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