Bidirectional prediction of facial and bony shapes for orthognathic surgical planning

Lei Ma, Chunfeng Lian, Daeseung Kim, Deqiang Xiao, Dongming Wei, Qin Liu, Tianshu Kuang, Maryam Ghanbari, Guoshi Li, Jaime Gateno, Steve G.F. Shen, Li Wang, Dinggang Shen, James J. Xia, Pew Thian Yap

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


This paper proposes a deep learning framework to encode subject-specific transformations between facial and bony shapes for orthognathic surgical planning. Our framework involves a bidirectional point-to-point convolutional network (P2P-Conv) to predict the transformations between facial and bony shapes. P2P-Conv is an extension of the state-of-the-art P2P-Net and leverages dynamic point-wise convolution (i.e., PointConv) to capture local-to-global spatial information. Data augmentation is carried out in the training of P2P-Conv with multiple point subsets from the facial and bony shapes. During inference, network outputs generated for multiple point subsets are combined into a dense transformation. Finally, non-rigid registration using the coherent point drift (CPD) algorithm is applied to generate surface meshes based on the predicted point sets. Experimental results on real-subject data demonstrate that our method substantially improves the prediction of facial and bony shapes over state-of-the-art methods.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number102644
Pages (from-to)102644
JournalMedical Image Analysis
StatePublished - Jan 2023


  • 3D point clouds
  • Face-bone shape transformation
  • Orthognathic surgical planning
  • Point-displacement network

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Health Informatics
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design


Dive into the research topics of 'Bidirectional prediction of facial and bony shapes for orthognathic surgical planning'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this