Adoptive transfer of CD19-specific chimeric antigen receptor T-cells (CAR-T cells) has transformed the treatment paradigm of relapsed/refractory (R/R) CD19 B-cell malignancies, dramatically improving remission rates and cures in patients with chemo-refractory disease. However, the applicability of CD19 CAR-T cells is limited to B cell malignancies and antigen loss can result in treatment failure, prompting the exploration of alternative targets to overcome tumor escape via CD19 antigen loss, as well as extend the CAR-T cell platform to treat Hodgkin and T cell lymphomas. This review highlights recent clinical trials testing CAR-T cell targets beyond CD19.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy