Benefits of statins in elderly subjects without established cardiovascular disease: A meta-analysis

Gianluigi Savarese, Antonio M. Gotto, Stefania Paolillo, Carmen D'Amore, Teresa Losco, Francesca Musella, Oriana Scala, Caterina Marciano, Donatella Ruggiero, Fabio Marsico, Giuseppe De Luca, Bruno Trimarco, Pasquale Perrone-Filardi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

150 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives The purpose of this paper was to assess whether statins reduce all-cause mortality and cardiovascular (CV) events in elderly people without established CV disease. Background Because of population aging, prevention of CV disease in the elderly is relevant. In elderly patients with previous CV events, the use of statins is recommended by guidelines, whereas the benefits of these drugs in elderly subjects without previous CV events are still debated. Methods Randomized trials comparing statins versus placebo and reporting all-cause and CV mortality, myocardial infarction (MI), stroke, and new cancer onset in elderly subjects (age ≥65 years) without established CV disease were included. Results Eight trials enrolling 24,674 subjects (42.7% females; mean age 73.0 ± 2.9 years; mean follow up 3.5 ± 1.5 years) were included in analyses. Statins, compared with placebo, significantly reduced the risk of MI by 39.4% (relative risk [RR]: 0.606 [95% confidence interval (CI): 0.434 to 0.847]; p = 0.003) and the risk of stroke by 23.8% (RR: 0.762 [95% CI: 0.626 to 0.926]; p = 0.006). In contrast, the risk of all-cause death (RR: 0.941 [95% CI: 0.856 to 1.035]; p = 0.210) and of CV death (RR: 0.907 [95% CI: 0.686 to 1.199]; p = 0.493) were not significantly reduced. New cancer onset did not differ between statin- and placebo-treated subjects (RR: 0.989 [95% CI: 0.851 to 1.151]; p = 0.890). Conclusions In elderly subjects at high CV risk without established CV disease, statins significantly reduce the incidence of MI and stroke, but do not significantly prolong survival in the short-term.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2090-2099
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Volume62
Issue number22
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 3 2013

Keywords

  • cardiovascular risk
  • elderly
  • primary prevention
  • statins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Benefits of statins in elderly subjects without established cardiovascular disease: A meta-analysis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this