Beneficial effects of edaravone, a novel antioxidant, in rats with dilated cardiomyopathy

Somasundaram Arumugam, Rajarajan A. Thandavarayan, Punniyakoti T. Veeraveedu, Takashi Nakamura, Wawaimuli Arozal, Flori R. Sari, Vijayasree V. Giridharan, Vivian Soetikno, Suresh S. Palaniyandi, Meilei Harima, Kenji Suzuki, Masaki Nagata, Makoto Kodama, Kenichi Watanabe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

Edaravone, a novel antioxidant, acts by trapping hydroxyl radicals, quenching active oxygen and so on. Its cardioprotective activity against experimental autoimmune myocarditis (EAM) was reported. Nevertheless, it remains to be determined whether edaravone protects against cardiac remodelling in dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). The present study was undertaken to assess whether edaravone attenuates myocardial fibrosis, and examine the effect of edaravone on cardiac function in rats with DCM after EAM. Rat model of EAM was prepared by injection with porcine cardiac myosin 28 days after immunization, we administered edaravone intraperitoneally at 3 and 10 mg/kg/day to rats for 28 days. The results were compared with vehicle-treated rats with DCM. Cardiac function, by haemodynamic and echocardiographic study and histopathology were performed. Left ventricular (LV) expression of NADPH oxidase subunits (p47phox, p67phox, gp91phox and Nox4), fibrosis markers (TGF-β1 and OPN), endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress markers (GRP78 and GADD 153) and apoptosis markers (cytochrome C and caspase-3) were measured by Western blotting. Edaravone-treated DCM rats showed better cardiac function compared with those of the vehicle-treated rats. In addition, LV expressions of NADPH oxidase subunits levels were significantly down-regulated in edaravone-treated rats. Furthermore, the number of collagen-III positive cells in the myocardium of edaravone-treated rats was lower compared with those of the vehicle-treated rats. Our results suggest that edaravone ameliorated the progression of DCM by modulating oxidative and ER stress-mediated myocardial apoptosis and fibrosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2176-2185
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
Volume16
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2012

Keywords

  • Apoptosis
  • Dilated cardiomyopathy
  • Edaravone
  • Endoplasmic reticulum stress
  • Fibrosis
  • Oxidative stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Cell Biology

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