The objective of this study was to determine the effect of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) coating on endothelial cell seeding and proliferation on a decellularized heparin coated vascular graft and to determine the retention of seeded cells on the graft under flow conditions. Disks of heparin coated decellularized grafts were incubated for 24 h as controls or with bFGF. Human microvascular endothelial cells (HMECs) or canine peripheral blood endothelial progenitor cells (CEPC) were seeded onto the disks and incubated for 96 h or 48 h, respectively. HMECs were also seeded onto the luminal surfaces of two heparin-coated decellularized grafts for 3 h. One graft was placed in a perfusion culture system and cultured for an additional 6 h with flow and pressure. After culturing, there were 4.7 ± 1.4 cells/mm2 HMECs on control grafts and 11.4 ± 1.4 cells/mm2 in bFGF treated grafts (P < 0.05). Likewise, with CEPCs, there were 14.8 ± 4.8 cells/mm2 in control grafts and 33.3 ± 7.3 cells/mm 2 in bFGF treated grafts. After only 3 h of cell attachment, 60% of HMECs were retained in the intact graft exposed flow relative to the static control graft, which is an acceptable level. These data demonstrate that bFGF coating on the heparin bound decellularized grafts significantly increases both HMEC and dog EPC proliferation and that seeded cells are stable under perfusion conditions.
- Basic fibroblast growth factor
- Endothelial progenitor cell
- Vascular graft
ASJC Scopus subject areas