Balbiani body, nuage and sponge bodies - The germ plasm pathway players

Malgorzata Kloc, Izabela Jedrzejowska, Waclaw Tworzydlo, Szczepan M. Bilinski

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

68 Scopus citations


In many animal species, germ cells are specified by maternally provided, often asymmetrically localized germ cell determinant, termed the germ plasm. It has been shown that in model organisms such as Xenopus laevis, Danio rerio and Drosophila melanogaster germ plasm components (various proteins, mRNAs and mitochondria) are delivered to the proper position within the egg cell by germline specific organelles, i.e. Balbiani bodies, nuage accumulations and/or sponge bodies. In the present article, we review the current knowledge on morphology, molecular composition and functioning of these organelles in main lineages of arthropods and different ovary types on the backdrop of data derived from the studies of the model vertebrate species.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)341-348
Number of pages8
JournalArthropod Structure and Development
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 2014


  • Arthropods
  • Balbiani body
  • Nurse cells
  • Oocyte
  • Yolk nucleus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Insect Science
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Developmental Biology


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