Availability of acute care surgeons improves outcomes in patients requiring emergent colon surgery

Laura J. Moore, Krista L. Turner, Stephen L. Jones, Bridget N. Fahy, Frederick A. Moore

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The need for emergent colon surgery is a common cause of severe sepsis/septic shock and mortality among surgical patients. We wanted to benchmark our outcomes against those of the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP). We hypothesized that having acute care surgeons to provide comprehensive perioperative care and rapid source control surgery would improve outcome. Methods: We queried the 2005 to 2007 NSQIP dataset and our prospective database for patients with severe sepsis/septic shock requiring emergency colon surgery. Demographics, Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II score, sepsis source, and hospital mortality data were obtained for all patients. Results: Both cohorts were similar with regard to age and sex. The overall mortality rate for patients in our dataset was 28.3% compared with 40.1% in the NSQIP dataset (P =.06). The average Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II score for our patients was 31 ± 8.2 with a predicted mortality rate of 73% (P <.0001 when compared with actual mortality rate of 28.3%). Conclusions: Patients with severe sepsis/septic shock requiring emergent colon surgery have a high mortality rate. Delivery of comprehensive emergency surgical care by acute care surgeons appears to improve survival.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)837-842
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Surgery
Volume202
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2011

Keywords

  • Acute care surgery
  • Benchmarking
  • Colectomy
  • Emergency surgery
  • Sepsis
  • Surgical sepsis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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