Atypical slow-flow paramedian AVM with venous varix

Mustafa Ismail, Teeba A. Al-Ageely, Sura H. Talib, Rania Thamir Hadi, Rania H. Al-Taie, Awfa A. Aktham, Mohammed A. Alrawi, Hayder R. Salih, Hosam Al-Jehani, Samer S. Hoz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Background: Cerebral arteriovenous malformations (CAVMs) are either clinically silent or symptomatic. The most common presentation in more than half of all CAVMs presenting patients is hemorrhage which is accompanied by long-standing neurological morbidity and mortality. This report presents a case of an atypical large, slow-flow paramedian AVM with a dilated venous varix managed with surgery. The impact of the intraoperative findings on the diagnosis and the operative technique will be discussed. Case Description: In otherwise, healthy 26-year-old male complained of repeated episodes of generalized seizures and loss of consciousness. Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed a right parietal paramedian arteriovenous malformation (AVM) with signs of an old hemorrhagic cavity beneath it. Digital subtraction angiography demonstrated a slow-filling AVM with dilated venous varix drains into the superior sagittal sinus. However, the exact point of drainage cannot be appreciated. The filling of the AVM occurred precisely with the beginning of the venous phase. Intraoperatively, we noticed a whitish spherical mass, thick hemosiderin tissue, and a large cavity below the nidus; then, a complication-free complete microsurgical resection of this high-grade AVM was performed. Postoperatively, the patient suffered two attacks of seizures in the first few hours after the surgery, for which he received antiepileptics. MRI was clear during follow-up, and the patient was seizure-free and neurologically intact. Conclusion: Parietal convexity AVMs are challenging lesions to tackle. However, the chronicity and the slow-filling of the AVM, in this case, can render the surgical pathway more direct and accessible.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)519
JournalSurgical Neurology International
StatePublished - 2022


  • Cerebral arteriovenous malformation
  • Microsurgical resection
  • Venous varix

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology


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