The spindle assembly checkpoint (SAC), which blocks anaphase onset until all chromosomes have bi-oriented, is one of the key selfmonitoring systems of the eukaryotic cell cycle for genome stability. The mitotic arrest-deficient protein 1 (Mad1), a critical component of the SAC, is hyperphosphorylated in mitosis. However, the kinases responsible for Mad1 phosphorylation and its functional significance are not fully understood. Here we report that Mad1 is phosphorylated on Serine 214 by the Ataxia-Telangiectasia Mutated (ATM) kinase, a critical DNA damage response protein also activated in mitosis and required for the SAC. We demonstrate that Mad1 Serine 214 phosphorylation promotes the formation of homodimerization of Mad1 and its heterodimerization with Mad2. Further we show that Mad1 Serine 214 phosphorylation contribute to activation of the SAC and the maintenance of chromosomal stability. Together, these findings reveal an important role of ATMmediated Mad1 Serine 214 phosphorylation in mitosis.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research