Association of methacholine challenge test with diagnosis of chronic lung allograft dysfunction in lung transplant patients

Atif S. Siddiqui, Gagan Kumar, Tilottama Majumdar, Edward A. Graviss, Duc T. Nguyen, Ahmad Goodarzi, Thomas Kaleekal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Chronic lung allograft dysfunction (CLAD) is a complication of lung transplantation. We sought to determine whether bronchial hyperresponsiveness detected by the methacholine challenge test (MCT) at 3 months after lung transplant (LT) predicts the development of CLAD. Methods: We performed a retrospective cohort study of 140 LT patients between 1/2008 and 6/2014 who underwent MCT at 3 months after LT. Pearson's chi-squared test and Kruskal-Wallis test were used to compare categorical and continuous variables, respectively. Cox proportional hazards modeling was used to evaluate the association between CLAD and MCT. Results: Methacholine challenge test+ was associated with the development of overall CLAD (adjusted hazards ratio [aHR]: 3.47; 95% confidence interval [95% CI]: 1.71, 7.03; P = 0.001) and CLAD within 3 years (aHR: 4.98; 95%CI: 1.84, 13.48; P = 0.002). Subgroup analysis showed that MCT (+) is associated with overall CLAD in single lung transplant (SLT) (aHR: 8.18; 95% CI: 2.22, 30.09; P = 0.002), double lung transplant (DLT) (aHR: 3.27; 95% CI: 1.22, 8.78; P = 0.02) and CLAD within 3 years in DLT patients (aHR: 6.76; 95% CI: 1.71, 26.74; P = 0.01). Conclusion: Methacholine challenge test+ at 3 months after LT is associated with the development of overall CLAD. Positive MCT could predict the development of early CLAD within 3 years in DLT patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere13397
JournalClinical Transplantation
Volume32
Issue number10
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018

Keywords

  • chronic lung allograft dysfunction
  • lung transplant
  • methacholine challenge test

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Transplantation

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