Association between traditional clinical high-risk features and gene expression profile classification in uveal melanoma

Brandon T. Nguyen, Ryan S. Kim, Maria E. Bretana, Eric Kegley, Amy C. Schefler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Purpose: To evaluate the association between traditional clinical high-risk features of uveal melanoma patients and gene expression profile (GEP). Methods: This was a retrospective, single-center, case series of patients with uveal melanoma. Eighty-three patients met inclusion criteria for the study. Patients were examined for the following clinical risk factors: drusen/retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) changes, vascularity on B-scan, internal reflectivity on A-scan, subretinal fluid (SRF), orange pigment, apical tumor height/thickness, and largest basal dimensions (LBD). A novel point system was created to grade the high-risk clinical features of each tumor. Further analyses were performed to assess the degree of association between GEP and each individual risk factor, total clinical risk score, vascularity, internal reflectivity, American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) tumor stage classification, apical tumor height/thickness, and LBD. Results: Of the 83 total patients, 41 were classified as GEP class 1A, 17 as class 1B, and 25 as class 2. The presence of orange pigment, SRF, low internal reflectivity and vascularity on ultrasound, and apical tumor height/thickness ≥ 2 mm were not statistically significantly associated with GEP class. Lack of drusen/RPE changes demonstrated a trend toward statistical association with GEP class 2 compared to class 1A/1B. LBD and advancing AJCC stage was statistically associated with higher GEP class. Conclusions: In this cohort, AJCC stage classification and LBD were the only clinical features statistically associated with GEP class. Clinicians should use caution when inferring the growth potential of melanocytic lesions solely from traditional funduscopic and ultrasonographic risk factors without GEP data.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalGraefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
StateAccepted/In press - Nov 28 2017


  • Choroid
  • Gene expression profile
  • Melanoma
  • Neoplasia
  • Pathology
  • Treatment surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience


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