Assessment of the influence of cognition and cognitive processing speed on three tests of olfaction

Mario F. Dulay, Robert C. Gesteland, Paula K. Shear, P. Neal Ritchey, Robert A. Frank

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

The extent to which measures of working memory, cognitive speed, and verbal retrieval are associated with performance on tests of olfaction was evaluated in a sample of 138 older adults. Structural equation modeling techniques indicated that verbal retrieval difficulties significantly affect performance on the University of Pennsylvania Smell Identification Test (UPSIT). Further, poor working memory and slow cognitive speed significantly affect performance on the UPSIT and the phenyl ethyl alcohol threshold test. The Sniff Magnitude Test was not influenced by any of the cognitive variables. Odor threshold and identification tasks may overestimate olfactory loss when cognitive impairment is not taken into account.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)327-337
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
Volume30
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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