We sought to examine the hemodynamic determinants and clinical application of the peak acceleration rate of early (Ea) diastolic velocity of the mitral annulus by tissue Doppler. Simultaneous left atrial and left ventricular (LV) catheterization and Doppler echocardiography were performed in 10 dogs. Preload was altered using volume infusion and caval occlusion, whereas myocardial lusitropic state was altered with dobutamine and esmolol. The clinical application was examined in 190 consecutive patients (55 control, 41 impaired relaxation, 46 pseudonormal, and 48 restrictive LV filling). In addition, in 60 consecutive patients, we examined the relation between it and mean wedge pressure with simultaneous Doppler echocardiography and right heart catheterization. In canine studies, a significant positive relation was present between peak acceleration rate of Ea and transmitral pressure gradient only in the stages with normal or enhanced LV relaxation, but with no relation in the stages where the time constant of LV relaxation (τ) was ≥50 ms. Its hemodynamic determinants were τ, LV minimal pressure, and transmitral pressure gradient. In clinical studies, peak acceleration rate of Ea was significantly lower in patients with impaired LV relaxation irrespective of filling pressures (P < 0.001) and with similar accuracy to peak Ea velocity (area under the curve for septal and lateral peak acceleration rates: both 0.78) in identifying these patients. No significant relation was observed between peak acceleration rate and mean wedge pressure. Peak acceleration rate of Ea appears to be a useful index of LV relaxation but not of filling pressures and can be applied to identify patients with impaired LV relaxation irrespective of their filling pressures.
- Doppler echocardiography
- Heart failure
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
- Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation