The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) binds structurally diverse ligands that vary from the environmental toxicant 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) to AhR-active pharmaceuticals and health-promoting phytochemicals. There are remarkable differences in the toxicity of TCDD and related halogenated aromatics (HAs) vs. health promoting AhR ligands, and genomic analysis shows that even among the toxic HAs, there are differences in their regulation of genes and pathways. Thus, like ligands for other receptors, AhR ligands are selective AhR modulators (SAhRMs) which exhibit variable tissue-, organ- and species-specific genomic and functional activities.
- Structure-activity genomic differences
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