Human mitogen-stimulated lymphocytes, cultured in the presence of amosite asbestos (AS), demonstrated a slight increase in aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase (AHH) activity compared with non-induced (control) cultures (P = 0.005). A much greater increase in enzyme activity occurred following addition of the inducers benzanthracene (BA) or cigarette tars (CT) to cell cultures (P < 0.001 in both instances). Significant enzyme induction also occurred when AS fibers were first preincubated with CT or BA, washed with acetone, then added to lymphocyte cultures (P < 0.003 in all instances). This increase in AHH activity was not as great, however, as the induction observed when BA or CT was added to cell cultures. No further increase in enzyme activity was noted when AS and CT or AS and BA were simultaneously added to cultured lymphocytes (P > 0.070 in all instances). The results demonstrate that polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), such as BA and other components of CT, are adsorbed and transported by amosite AS particles. These AS-PAH complexes are capable of inducing AHH in cultured human lymphocytes.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research