Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning in Prediction of Surgical Complications: Current State, Applications, and Implications

Abbas M. Hassan, Aashish Rajesh, Malke Asaad, Nelson A. Jonas, J. Henk Coert, Babak J. Mehrara, Charles E. Butler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Surgical complications pose significant challenges for surgeons, patients, and health care systems as they may result in patient distress, suboptimal outcomes, and higher health care costs. Artificial intelligence (AI)-driven models have revolutionized the field of surgery by accurately identifying patients at high risk of developing surgical complications and by overcoming several limitations associated with traditional statistics-based risk calculators. This article aims to provide an overview of AI in predicting surgical complications using common machine learning and deep learning algorithms and illustrates how this can be utilized to risk stratify patients preoperatively. This can form the basis for discussions on informed consent based on individualized patient factors in the future.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Surgeon
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • artificial intelligence
  • calculator
  • deep learning
  • machine learning
  • risk assessment
  • surgical complications

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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