Arrhythmic Burden as Determined by Ambulatory Continuous Cardiac Monitoring in Patients With New-Onset Persistent Left Bundle Branch Block Following Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement: The MARE Study

Josep Rodés-Cabau, Marina Urena, Luis Nombela-Franco, Ignacio Amat-Santos, Neal Kleiman, Antonio Munoz-Garcia, Felipe Atienza, Vicenç Serra, Marc W. Deyell, Gabriela Veiga-Fernandez, Jean Bernard Masson, Victoria Canadas-Godoy, Dominique Himbert, Javier Castrodeza, Jaime Elizaga, Jaume Francisco Pascual, John G. Webb, Jose Maria de la Torre, Lluis Asmarats, Emilie Pelletier-BeaumontFrançois Philippon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

49 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: The authors sought to determine: 1) the global arrhythmic burden; 2) the rate of arrhythmias leading to a treatment change; and 3) the incidence of high-degree atrioventricular block (HAVB) at 12-month follow-up in patients with new-onset persistent left bundle branch block (LBBB) following transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). Background: Controversial data exist on the occurrence of significant arrhythmias in patients with LBBB post-TAVR. Methods: This was a multicenter prospective study including 103 consecutive patients with new-onset persistent LBBB post-TAVR with the balloon-expandable SAPIEN XT/3 valve (n = 53), or the self-expanding CoreValve/Evolut R system (n = 50). An implantable cardiac monitor (Reveal XT, Reveal Linq) was implanted at 4 (3 to 6) days post-TAVR, and patients had continuous electrocardiogram monitoring for 12 months. All arrhythmic events were adjudicated in a central electrocardiography core lab. Primary endpoints were the incidence of arrhythmias leading to a treatment change, and the incidence of HAVB at 12-month follow-up. Results: A total of 1,553 new arrhythmic events were detected in 44 patients (1,443 episodes of tachyarrhythmia in 26 patients [atrial fibrillation/flutter/atrial tachycardia: 1,427, ventricular tachycardia 16]; 110 episodes of bradyarrhythmia in 21 patients [HAVB 54, severe bradycardia 56]). All arrhythmic events were silent in 34 patients (77%), the arrhythmic event led to a treatment change in 19 patients (18%), and 11 patients (11%) required pacemaker or implantable cardioverter-defibrillator implantation (due to HAVB, severe bradycardia, or ventricular tachycardia episodes in 9, 1, and 1 patient, respectively). A total of 12 patients died at 1-year follow-up, 1 from sudden death. Conclusions: A high incidence of arrhythmic events was observed at 1-year follow-up in close to one-half of the patients with LBBB post-TAVR. Significant bradyarrhythmias occurred in one-fifth of the patients, and PPM was required in nearly one-half of them. These data support the use of a cardiac monitoring device for close follow-up and expediting the initiation of treatment in this challenging group of patients. (Ambulatory Electrocardiographic Monitoring for the Detection of High-Degree Atrio-Ventricular Block in Patients With New-onset PeRsistent LEft Bundle Branch Block After Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation [MARE study]: NCT02153307)

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1495-1505
Number of pages11
JournalJACC: Cardiovascular Interventions
Volume11
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 13 2018

Keywords

  • atrial fibrillation
  • bradyarrhythmias
  • left bundle branch block
  • pacemaker implantation
  • transcatheter aortic valve replacement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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