Are Self-Reported Medication Allergies Associated With Worse Hip Outcome Scores Prior to Hip Arthroscopy?

Kyle R. Sochacki, Robert A. Jack, Arya Bekhradi, Domenica Delgado, Patrick C. McCulloch, Joshua D. Harris

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To determine if there are significant differences in preoperative patient-reported outcome (PRO) scores in patients with and without self-reported medication allergies undergoing hip arthroscopy. Methods: Consecutive subjects undergoing hip arthroscopy for femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) syndrome by a single surgeon were retrospectively reviewed. PROs were collected within 6 weeks of the date of surgery. PROs included International Hip Outcome Tool (iHOT-12), Hip Outcome Score (HOS), and Short-Form (SF-12) scores. Allergies to medications were self-reported preoperatively within 6 weeks of the date of surgery. Patient demographics were recorded. Bivariate correlations and multivariate regression models were calculated to identify associations with baseline hip outcome scores. Results: Two hundred twelve subjects were analyzed (56% female, mean age 35.1 ± 13.2 years). Seventy-two subjects (34%) self-reported allergies (range 1-10; 41 subjects had 1 allergy; 14 subjects had 2; 8 subjects had 3; 2 subjects had 4; 7 subjects had 5 or more). The most commonly reported allergies included penicillin (18), sulfa (13), and codeine (11). Female gender was significantly correlated with number of allergies (Pearson correlation coefficient, 0.188; P <.001). SF-12 Mental Component Score (MCS) was significantly correlated with HOS-ADL (Pearson correlation coefficient, 0.389; P <.001), HOS-SSS (Pearson correlation coefficient, 0.251; P <.001), and iHOT-12 (Pearson correlation coefficient, 0.385; P <.001). There was no significant correlation between number of allergies and all hip PROs. In all multivariate models, the SF-12 MCS had the strongest association with HOS-ADL, HOS-SSS, and iHOT-12 (P <.001 for all). Allergies were not significantly associated with any hip PROs. Conclusions: In patients undergoing hip arthroscopy for FAI syndrome, self-reported medication allergies are not significantly associated with preoperative patient-reported hip outcome scores. Level of Evidence: Level III, retrospective comparative case series.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1856-1861
Number of pages6
JournalArthroscopy - Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery
Volume34
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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