Background: Orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) is a viable treatment option for patients with hepatitis B (HBV) and concomitant hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, cancer recurrence following transplantation approaches 20%. This study sought to identify the clinical and pathological factors associated with post-OLT survival. Methods: Univariate and multivariate analyses considered the following variables: combination viral prophylaxis, HBV recurrence, tumor stage, vascular invasion, distribution, nodularity, pre- and post-OLT tumor size, pre-OLT alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), Milan and UCSF criteria, and Asian race. Results: Cumulatively, HCC recurrence-free survival was 77%, 62%, and 53% at 1, 3, and 5 years, respectively, and was significantly better in patients who were free of viral recurrence post-OLT. Similarly, patients treated with combination prophylaxis had a significantly lower mortality than those who were not. Conclusions: Multivariate analysis revealed that AFP > 500 ng/mL, presence of vascular invasion by explant, HBV recurrence, and combination prophylaxis were independent predictors of HCC recurrence-free survival.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|State||Published - Dec 2007|
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