Antivascular endothelial growth factor agents for wet age-related macular degeneration: an IRIS registry analysis

Mathew W. MacCumber, Justin S. Yu, Alexandros Sagkriotis, Guruprasad B, Bhavya Burugapalli, Xiaoyu Bi, Neetu Agashivala, Charles C. Wykoff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate treatment patterns and outcomes of patients in the United States who received antivascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) agents for wet age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Design: Retrospective study Participants: Patients with wet AMD. Methods: Using the Intelligent Research in Sight Registry, we studied patients with wet AMD who received ≥1 anti-VEGF injection, who were ≥50 years old, and with ≥1.5 years of follow-up. Patients were grouped based on follow-up duration (in years): ≥1.5 (cohort 1), ≥2.5 (cohort 2), and ≥3.5 (cohort 3). Results: Patient characteristics were similar between treatment groups. 36.8%, 34.5%, and 39.2% of ranibizumab, aflibercept, and all anti-VEGF eyes, respectively, had an injection interval <8 weeks in length at the end of year 1. Results were similar at year 2 and 3. In cohorts 1–3, visual acuity (VA) changes from baseline ranged from 0.3 to 0.7 (year 1), –1.3 to –1.7 (year 2), and –2.8 to –3.1 (year 3) Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study letters. By the end of year 3, 41%, 39%, and 42% of ranibizumab, aflibercept, and all anti-VEGF eyes, respectively, had discontinued treatment (no injection for >6 months). Conclusion: Approximately one-third of eyes had injection intervals <8 weeks in length at the end of year 1. VA was slightly better at the end of year 1 and declined after the first year despite treatment. By the end of year 3, more than one-third of eyes had discontinued treatment. Given the high treatment burden, wet AMD patients may benefit from more durable approaches that require less frequent dosing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalCanadian Journal of Ophthalmology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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