OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether 3 days of broad-spectrum antibiotic therapy, which is intended to prolong latency in patients with preterm premature rupture of membranes, is comparable to 7 days of therapy. STUDY DESIGN: Patients with preterm premature rupture of membranes at three separate study sites were asked to participate in this intent-to-treat, prospective, randomized trial. They were assigned randomly to either 3 or 7 days of ampicillin-sulbactam (3 g intravenously every 6 hours). The primary outcome of interest was the latency period from membrane rupture to delivery. RESULTS: Forty-two individuals were enrolled in each group. No difference was noted in the latency interval between the two groups (3 days, 214 ± 225 hours, vs 7 days, 229 ± 218 hours). A significantly higher number of patients in the 3-day group completed therapy (80.1% vs 47.6%, P = .003). No other parameters were significantly different between the two groups. No adverse events or trends were noted in either group. CONCLUSION: There appears to be no difference in the latency period between 3 and 7 days of ampicillin-sulbactam antibiotic therapy. More patients are needed to exclude a type II error.
- Latency period
- Preterm premature rupture of membranes
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Obstetrics and Gynecology