Antibiotic-resistant bacteria in otitis media with effusion

D. J. Lim, J. L. Schram, D. M. Lewis, H. G. Birck

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

Eighty-two bacterial isolates recovered from the middle ear effusions (192) of children with otitis media with effusion (OME) were tested for antibiotic sensitivity. Nearly 50% of all bacteria isolated were found to be resistant to penicillin, and in particular, 61% of the Haemophilus isolates were penicillin-resistant; 48% of the Haemophilus isolates were ampicillin-resistant. In addition, we compared the bacterial recovery rate from effusions of patients who were receiving antibiotics with those who were not. Among patients who were receiving antibiotics, 33% of the effusions were culture positive, while 82% of the effusions were culture positive in the patients who were not given antibiotics. These results are discussed with respect to the possible role of bacteria in the pathogenesis of OME.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)278-280
Number of pages3
JournalAnnals of Otology, Rhinology and Laryngology
Volume89
Issue number3 II Suppl. 68
DOIs
StatePublished - 1980

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

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