Analysis of diffusion tensor parameters in spinocerebellar ataxia type 3 and type 10 patients

Alex Tiburtino Meira, Walter Oleschko Arruda, Sergio Eiji Ono, Gustavo Leite Franklin, Arnolfo de Carvalho Neto, Salmo Raskin, Tetsuo Ashizawa, Carlos Henrique F. Camargo, Hélio A.G. Teive

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Introduction: There is a dearth of studies of spinocerebellar ataxias (SCAs) and diffusion tensor magnetic resonance imaging (DTI). Objective: To analyze changes observed in DTI parameters and correlate these to clinical findings in SCA3 and SCA10 patients. Methods: SCA3 (n = 19) and SCA10 (n = 18) patients were compared with a similar number of controls and assessed clinically and with the scale for the assessment and rating of ataxia (SARA) before undergoing the same MRI protocol. TRACULA (TRActs Constrained by UnderLying Anatomy) software was used to analyze the DTI metrics FA, AD, RD and MD. Results: More white matter fiber tracts with changes in diffusivity were found in SCA3 patients than in SCA10 patients. There was a reduction in AD in altered fiber tracts in SCA3 and a greater increase in RD in SCA10. In the SCA3 patients, FA was reduced in the corticospinal tract (CST) and inferior longitudinal fasciculus (ILF), but this was not observed in the SCA10 patients. SARA score was correlated with DTI findings in SCA3 but not in SCA10. Conclusion: Changes were observed in DTI for both SCA3 and SCA10 but were more widespread in SCA3. Our finding of myelin-sheath changes in SCA10 and secondary axonal changes in SCA3 may reflect the more rapid, aggressive clinical course of SCA3.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)73-78
Number of pages6
JournalParkinsonism and Related Disorders
Volume78
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2020

Keywords

  • Ataxins
  • Diffusion tensor imaging
  • FreeSurfer
  • Machado-Joseph disease
  • Magnetic resonance image
  • Neuroimaging
  • Spinocerebellar ataxias

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Clinical Neurology

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