An architecture for compressive imaging

Michael B. Wakin, Jason N. Laska, Marco F. Duarte, Dror Baron, Shriram Sarvotham, Dharmpal Takhar, Kevin F. Kelly, Richard G. Baraniuk

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

252 Scopus citations

Abstract

Compressive Sensing is an emerging field based on the revelation that a small group of non-adaptive linear projections of a compressible signal contains enough information for reconstruction and processing. In this paper, we propose algorithms and hardware to support a new theory of Compressive Imaging. Our approach is based on a new digital image/video camera that directly acquires random projections of the signal without first collecting the pixels/voxels. Our camera architecture employs a digital micromirror array to perform optical calculations of linear projections of an image onto pseudorandom binary patterns. Its hallmarks include the ability to obtain an image with a single detection element while measuring the image/video fewer times than the number of pixels - this can significantly reduce the computation required for video acquisition/encoding. Because our system relies on a single photon detector, it can also be adapted to image at wavelengths that are currently impossible with conventional CCD and CMOS imagers. We are currently testing a prototype design for the camera and include experimental results.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2006 IEEE International Conference on Image Processing, ICIP 2006 - Proceedings
Pages1273-1276
Number of pages4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2006
Event2006 IEEE International Conference on Image Processing, ICIP 2006 - Atlanta, GA, United States
Duration: Oct 8 2006Oct 11 2006

Other

Other2006 IEEE International Conference on Image Processing, ICIP 2006
CountryUnited States
CityAtlanta, GA
Period10/8/0610/11/06

Keywords

  • Data acquisition
  • Data compression
  • Image coding
  • Image sensors
  • Video coding

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Signal Processing

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