An Analysis of Global Surgery Opportunities in American Otolaryngology Residency Programs

Madisyn L. Cox, David Z. Allen, Megan M. Rodriguez, Jackson C. Green, Joshua J. Kain

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objectives: To depict the current state of global surgery opportunities in United States ACGME-approved Otolaryngology residency programs and compare the characteristics of programs with and without these opportunities. Methods: In this cross-sectional analysis, websites of ACGME-accredited Otolaryngology residency programs were analyzed for information on program size, rank, age, and geographic region as obtained through the Doximity platform in 2023. Additional parameters were obtained for programs listing global surgery opportunities such as funding, faculty oversight, location/region, focus, and relationship to the community served. Data were tabulated and analyzed in Microsoft Excel and Stata. Results: Of the 131 ACGME-accredited Otolaryngology residency programs, 26 (20%) of programs advertised a global surgery opportunity. Nine (35%) of these promoted funding, 15 (58%) offered a clinical focus, one (4%) offered a research focus, and 10 (38%) offered a combined approach. The Midwest region had the most programs with global surgery opportunities (n = 8, 31%). Less than half (42%) of programs had an established partnership with local partners within low and middle-income countries (LMICs). When comparing programs, the average Doximity rank, average program age, and average program size of programs that offered global surgery opportunities was significantly higher than those that did not (37.2 vs. 71.5, 54 vs. 41, 19.5 vs. 13.7; all p < 0.05). Conclusions: Approximately one-fifth of Otolaryngology training programs have a global surgery opportunity. Programs that offer these opportunities had a higher Doximity ranking, older program age, and a larger trainee cohort. These results highlight potential areas for expanding global surgery opportunities in academic institutions. Level of Evidence: N/A Laryngoscope, 2024.

Original languageEnglish (US)
StateAccepted/In press - 2024


  • healthcare disparities
  • medical education
  • quality of life
  • resident education
  • training program

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology


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