Context. - Previous studies have shown that the diagnosis of reparative changes in conventional smears in the College of American Pathologists Interlaboratory Comparison Program in Gynecologic Cytology is one of the least reproducible diagnoses. Indeed, the diagnosis of reparative changes consistently yields the highest false-positive rate of any negative for intraepithelial lesions and malignancy (NILM) cytodiagnostic category. It is unknown whether cytologists recognize reparative changes in ThinPrep specimens as well, or less often, as in conventional smears. Objective. - To assess and compare the ability of cytologists to recognize reparative changes in conventional and ThinPrep preparations. Design.-We compiled performance data from the College of American Pathologists Interlaboratory Comparison Program in Gynecologic Cytology from the 2000-2003 program years. More than 400 slides with a reference diagnosis of reparative changes met our study criteria, representing a total of 11 200 individual responses for conventional cases and 1155 individual responses for ThinPrep specimens. We evaluated the results of both individual and laboratory participants using 2 performance criteria: the false-positive discordancy rate and the exact match error rate (any response that does not exactly match the reference diagnosis of 120 [reparative changes]). Results. - Cases with a reference diagnosis of reparative changes made up 1.2% of all ThinPrep slides and 3.7% of all conventional slides in circulation. The false-positive discordancy rate of individual responses on educational slides for conventional smears was significantly higher than the corresponding false-positive discordancy rate for ThinPrep specimens (15.7% for conventional vs 7.1% for ThinPrep specimens, P < .001). Laboratory responses on educational conventional smears and ThinPrep slides showed a similar trend (14.2% for conventional smears vs 2.4% for ThinPrep slides, P = .002). The exact match error rate on educational conventional slides was 41.4% for individual responses, while on educational ThinPrep slides, the overall error rate was 57.5% (P < .001). For laboratory responses, the exact match error rate was 40.5% for educational conventional smears versus 58.9% for educational ThinPrep smears (P < .001). Characteristic features of reparative changes were identified in ThinPrep specimens. Conclusions. - In the College of American Pathologists Interlaboratory Comparison Program in Gynecologic Cytology, ThinPrep slides with a reference diagnosis of reparative changes have a lower false-positive discordancy rate than conventional slides. Responses to ThinPrep cases with a reference diagnosis of reparative change show a higher exact match error rate than conventional smears. Since reparative changes in gynecologic cytology are recognized as indicating an increased risk of significant lesions, the clinical significance of these altered patterns of recognition of reparative changes in ThinPrep specimens warrants further investigation.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Archives of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine|
|State||Published - Jul 1 2005|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- Medical Laboratory Technology