Allograft Medial Patellofemoral Ligament Reconstruction in Adolescent Patients Results in a Low Recurrence Rate of Patellar Dislocation or Subluxation at Midterm Follow-Up

Sachin Allahabadi, Nirav K. Pandya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate rates of recurrent instability in adolescent patients with medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) reconstruction with allograft and associations of anatomic risk factors with complications. Methods: A retrospective review identified patients of a single surgeon who underwent MPFL reconstruction with allograft for recurrent patellar instability with minimum 2-year follow-up. Surgical management was recommended after a minimum 6 weeks of nonoperative management and included MPFL reconstruction with gracilis allograft using a double-bundle technique. Preoperative radiographs were evaluated to assess physeal closure, lower-extremity alignment, trochlear morphology, and Insall-Salvati and Caton-Deschamps ratios. Magnetic resonance images were reviewed to evaluate the MPFL, trochlear morphology, and tibial tubercle trochlear groove distance (TT-TG). Descriptive statistics were used to characterize data. The primary outcome was recurrent instability. Results: 20 patients (24 knees; 18 knees in 14 females and 6 knees in 6 males; average age 15.7 years; range 11.5 to 19.6) underwent MPFL reconstruction with allograft (mean ± standard deviation follow-up 5.2 ± 1.7 years; range 2.2 to 8.1). Physes were open in 9 knees. The Insall-Salvati ratio was 1.09 ± 0.16, and the Caton-Deschamps index was 1.17 ± 0.15. Preoperatively, 19 patients were noted to have trochlear dysplasia, and TT-TG was 15.3 ± 3.9 mm. Three of 4 knees (16.7%) with non–hardware-related complications had open physes: 3 (12.5%) had recurrent instability, 2 of which underwent subsequent operation, and 1 sustained a patella fracture after a fall, requiring open reduction and internal fixation. The average Insall-Salvati ratio of these 4 patients was 1.21 ± 0.20, Caton-Deschamps index was 1.18 ± 0.17, and TT-TG was 17.5 ± 3.3 mm, none of which were statistically different from the group without complications. There were no clinically noted growth disturbances postoperatively. Conclusions: MPFL reconstruction using allograft tissue may be performed safely in the pediatric and adolescent population with good outcomes at midterm follow-up, few complications, and a low rate of recurrent instability. Level of Evidence: IV, case series.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)128-138
Number of pages11
JournalArthroscopy - Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery
Volume38
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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