AIBP-mediated cholesterol efflux instructs hematopoietic stem and progenitor cell fate

Qilin Gu, Xiaojie Yang, Jie Lv, Jiaxiong Zhang, Bo Xia, Jun Dae Kim, Ruoyu Wang, Feng Xiong, Shu Meng, Thomas P. Clements, Bhavna Tandon, Daniel S. Wagner, Miguel F. Diaz, Pamela L. Wenzel, Yury I. Miller, David Traver, John P. Cooke, Wenbo Li, Leonard I. Zon, Kaifu ChenYongping Bai, Longhou Fang

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23 Scopus citations

Abstract

Hypercholesterolemia, the driving force of atherosclerosis, accelerates the expansion and mobilization of hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs). The molecular determinants connecting hypercholesterolemia with hematopoiesis are unclear. Here we report that a somite-derived pro-hematopoietic cue, AIBP, orchestrates HSPC emergence from the hemogenic endothelium, a type of specialized endothelium manifesting hematopoietic potential. Mechanistically, AIBP-mediated cholesterol efflux activates endothelial Srebp2, the master transcription factor for cholesterol biosynthesis, which in turn transactivates Notch and promotes HSPC emergence. Srebp2 inhibition impairs hypercholesterolemia-induced HSPC expansion. Srebp2 activation and Notch upregulation are associated with HSPC expansion in hypercholesterolemic human subjects. Genome-wide ChIP-seq, RNA-seq, and ATAC-seq indicate that Srebp2 trans-regulates Notch pathway genes required for hematopoiesis. Our studies outline an AIBP-regulated Srebp2-dependent paradigm for HSPC emergence in development and HPSC expansion in atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)eaav1749
JournalScience
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 8 2019

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    Gu, Q., Yang, X., Lv, J., Zhang, J., Xia, B., Kim, J. D., Wang, R., Xiong, F., Meng, S., Clements, T. P., Tandon, B., Wagner, D. S., Diaz, M. F., Wenzel, P. L., Miller, Y. I., Traver, D., Cooke, J. P., Li, W., Zon, L. I., ... Fang, L. (2019). AIBP-mediated cholesterol efflux instructs hematopoietic stem and progenitor cell fate. Science, eaav1749. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aav1749