Aging and the esophagus: Common pathologic conditions and their effect upon swallowing in the geriatric population

Gulchin A. Ergun, Paul F. Miskovitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Dysphagia in the elderly is most often oropharyngeal or hypopharyngeal in location and neuropathologic in etiology. Aging itself, although causing demonstrable structural and functional changes in the esophagus, does not cause any clinically relevant esophageal dysphagia. A variety of pathologic conditions seen in the geriatric population affect the esophagus and can alter esophageal function, resulting in symptomatic dysphagia. Accurate diagnosis requires a thorough evaluation performed in an unhurried fashion, often with the assistance of ancillary personnel. Treatment of these esophageal disorders is multidisciplinary and may involve dietary manipulations, the administration of medications, therapeutic endoscopic procedures, and occasionally surgery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)58-63
Number of pages6
JournalDysphagia
Volume7
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 1992

Keywords

  • Deglutition
  • Deglutition disorders
  • Dysphagia
  • Elderly
  • Esophagus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Gastroenterology
  • Speech and Hearing

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