Advances of terahertz technology in neuroscience: Current status and a future perspective

Jun Zhang, Song Li, Weidong Le

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations


Terahertz (THz) waves are ranged between microwave and infrared region in the electromagnetic spectrum. THz technology has been demonstrated promising potential for biomedical applications. Exploration of biological effects of THz waves has emerged as a critical new area in life sciences. It is critical to uncover the effects of THz waves on complex biological systems in order to lay out the framework for THz technology development and future applications. Specifically, THz radiation has been shown to affect the nervous system, including the structure of nerve cell membranes, genes expressions, and cytokines level. In this review, we primarily discuss the biological impacts and mechanisms of THz waves on the nervous system at the organisms, cellular, and molecular levels. The future application perspectives of THz technologies in neuroscience are also highlighted and proposed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number103548
Pages (from-to)103548
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 17 2021


  • Biomedical engineering
  • Neuroscience
  • Radiation physics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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